Sanober Institute


STRATEGY MANIFESTO: Tangible Recommendations For The Elected Government of Pakistan — 2024, Evolved at NCSFP

Today, we delve into the strategy manifesto developed by the Sanober Institute in collaboration with TMUC and CLAS, and with the insights of around 20 scholars.
This comprehensive document, consisting of approximately 50 recommendations, is aimed at guiding the elected government of Pakistan in 2024, and was crafted during the National Conference on Security and Foreign Policy (NSCFP) of Pakistan.

Indian Elections: Who Will Make Next Govt?

The Indian elections have captured global attention, with speculation rife over the fate of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s leadership.
PM Modi’s enduring popularity and relevance in Indian society, particularly his appeal to around 80% of voters through Hindu nationalism, have shaped the narrative.
As the opposition alliance struggles to expand its outreach, the question arises: will PM Modi secure another term or face defeat?
To shed light on this pivotal electoral landscape, the Sanober Institute assembled a distinguished panel comprising:

  • Ambassador Aizaz Chaudhry (Chairman, Sanober Institute)
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema (Executive Director, Sanober Institute)
  • Prof. Dr. Raja Qaiser Ahmed (School of Politics & International Relations, QAU)

Sanober Institute Addresses Challenges Facing the Next Government​

The challenges confronting the next government in Pakistan loom large on the national and international stage.

From the perspective of the international community, Pakistan’s governance often appears characterized by coalition politics, parliamentary discord, and a myriad of socio-economic and political hurdles, including militancy and civil-military imbalances.

What are the critical challenges lying ahead for Pakistan, and can the political leadership navigate the nation through these turbulent waters?

Insights on this pressing matter were provided by the distinguished panelists:

  • Ambassador Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry (Chairman, Sanober Institute)
  • Vice Admiral (R) Khan Hasham Siddique (Founding Director, Sanober Institute)
  • Dr. Bilal Butt (Assistant Professor at NDU)
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema (Executive Director, Sanober Institute)

Election 2024: National Healing or Divided Nation

As Pakistan gears up for the upcoming elections, the pivotal question emerges: are we moving towards national reconciliation or further division? There is a growing consensus on the urgent need for national healing within Pakistan’s political landscape. The call for comprehensive dialogue among stakeholders resonates strongly within Pakistan and beyond. How can we effectively address the escalating political tensions?

Esteemed panelists contributing to this critical discussion include:

  • Adnan Amir (Nikkei Asia Correspondent)
  • Dr. Yaqoob Khan Bangash (Historian)
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema (Executive Director, Sanober Institute)

Pakistan-India Relations: The Estranged Neighbors

Scholars have delved into the intricacies of Pakistan-India relations, identifying four primary factors influencing the quest for peace:

  1. Clashing ideologies and philosophical systems.
  2. Strategic and economic disparities.
  3. Entrenched hostility in mindsets.
  4. The lingering issue of Kashmir, a recognized nuclear flashpoint.

The distinguished panel, comprising:

  • Ambassador Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema
  • Ambassador Shahid Malik
  • Prof. Dr. Mujeeb Afzal
  • Mateen Haider

contributed valuable perspectives to deciphering the complexities of this pivotal regional dynamic.

Pakistan-Iran Relations: Can Full Potential of Bilateral Cooperation be Realized?

The relationship between Pakistan and Iran holds significant untapped potential, prompting the exploration of avenues to fully realize the opportunities it presents. Given the deep cultural ties between the two nations and their status as neighbors, fostering the optimal relations with Iran is imperative. The following panelists engaged in a comprehensive discussion on this topic:

  • Ambassador Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema
  • Ambassador Riffat Masood
  • Dr. Qandil Abbas
  • Baqir Sajjad

Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations: Can the Future Be Different From the Past?

Relations between Pakistan and Afghanistan have long been characterized by complexities and challenges. The Sanober Institute delved into the difficult dynamics of these two neighboring nations. The panelists provided insights on the intricate challenges posed by political transitions, counter-terrorism imperatives, and the urgent need for regional collaboration.


  • Ambassador Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema
  • Abdul Basit
  • Anas Mallick

Pakistan-China Relations: Challenges and Opportunities in a Changing World

The alliance between Pakistan and China occupies a central position on Pakistan’s foreign policy agenda, representing a deliberate and longstanding commitment by both nations. The multifaceted nature of this relationship, encompassing geostrategic and political dimensions, was recently illuminated by the Sanober Institute. The distinguished panelists contributing to this discourse were:

  • Ambassador Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry
  • Dr. Qamar Cheema
  • Ambassador Naghmana Hashmi
  • Zoon Ahmed Khan
  • Adnan Aamir
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